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The General Music Programme (GMP)

The General Music Programme (GMP) enables our students to listen, sing, dance, play and express themselves musically. The GMP aims to:
  1. develop awareness and appreciation of music in local and global cultures
  2. develop ability for creative expression and communication through music
  3. provide the basis to develop an informed and life-long involvement in music

The Learning Objectives (LO)

The learning outcomes are organised around five Learning Objectives (LOs). All learning outcomes are addressed and learned in an integrative manner, where elements and concepts are learned through active musical experiences, such as music creation and performance as well as movement in music; and where the display of musical skills (listening, creating, performing), draw on students’ learning and understanding of musical elements and concepts.

LO1:    Perform Music in both instrumental and vocal settings, individually and in groups
LO2:    Create Music in both instrumental and vocal settings, individually and in groups
LO3:    Listen and Respond to Music
LO4:    Appreciate Music in local and global cultures
LO5:    Understand musical elements and concepts

Framework for teaching and learning of Music.PNG
Framework for teaching and learning of Music

Curriculum Mapping for Music

Throughout the six years in school, students go through the following programme:

Term 1
Term 2
Term 3
Term 4
Primary 6
Music Carousal

Primary 5
Primary 4
Primary 3
Primary 2
Resonator Bars
Primary 1
Non-pitched percussion

An overview of the Music curriculum in school.

Singing (Engaging with songs - EWS)

Engaging with Songs is a special professional development programme designed by Singapore Teachers’ Academy for the aRts (STAR) to deepen music teachers' pedagogical understanding in leading singing in the music classroom. It also aims to build a repertoire of songs, including those of our multicultural traditions, to engender cross-cultural understanding through music.

The GMP programme adopts and adapts pedagogical strategies from the EWS programme to strengthen the singing culture in our classrooms and build students’ confidence in their voices.

Instrumental studies

The GMP offers a variety of instrumental studies to enhance the musical engagement of our students. Music creating processes harness and develop students’ innate creativity within the context of music. Through musical activities such as improvisation and music composition, students will apply the musical skills and concepts that they have acquired through listening and performing, thus drawing a connection and relevance to all that they are learning.


Playing in an ensemble promotes Social Emotional Learning (SEL) with opportunities that allow students to experience values in actions, thus making Character & Citizenship Education (CCE) comes alive. It empowers students to shape their musical identity and self-concept, builds quality relationships within the musical groups, and generates agency or self-directedness and personal responsibility in the musical choices the students make.

Music Appreciation

Music plays a vital role in almost all cultures and societies. Through a wide exposure to music from both local and global cultures from a young age, students will be able to gain insights to other cultures and be open to the different types of music available. They will understand the different roles musicians play in society as well as the role of music in different cultures. It is through this knowing about the music, its musicians, its role, and value in culture, that musical understanding is deepened and contextualized for the students.

Music appreciation comprises the music appreciation lessons via Student Learning Space (SLS), the 24 songs from the Indicative Repertoire (IR24) as well as through a school-wide arts appreciation programme, Morning Melodies.

Music Appreciation Lessons (via SLS)

A series of 18 lessons were designed by the music teachers to engage students in the appreciation of music. The lessons support the Music, Art, and Dance curriculum. Each level addresses a cultural focus, including relevant vocal traditions and instrumental studies from various cultures. The lessons serve to introduce students to the role of music in respective performing arts from each culture, such as ensemble, dance, and theatre.

The table below describes the targeted cultures and regions based on the MOE Music syllabus. This is aligned to the skills and concepts from the Music scheme of work.

Cultural focus
Vocal Traditions
Instrumental Studies
Music in the Performing Arts
Primary 6:
Japanese Enka
Korean P’ansori
Japanese Shamisen
Korean Janggu
Gagaku ensemble, Kabuki, Korean Talchum
Primary 5:
Songs from Oceania
Aboriginal Songlines
The Didgeridoo
The Ipu
Hawaiian hula, Aboriginal Joonba, Ori Tahiti
Primary 4:
Ghungaroo, Tabla
Sitar, Pungi
Carnatic ensemble, Koodiyattam,
Bharatanatyam & Kathakali
Primary 3:
Asli Malay song
Dongdang Sayang
Cek Lempong, Kompang
Rebab, Serunai
Dikir barat troupe, Wayang kulit,
Dances - Asli, Joget, Inang, Zapin
Primary 2:
Chinese operatic singing
Tuvan throat singing
Strings 弹拨,拉弦
Perc. & winds 敲击,吹管
Chinese Orchestra, Beijing Opera 京剧, bian lian 变脸
Primary 1:
Western Tradition
Strings and Woodwinds
Brass and Percussions
Western classical orchestra,
Operas & musicals, Ballet

An overview of the skills and concepts taught in the Music curriculum

Indicative Repertoire (via SLS)

A set of SLS lessons based on the Indicative Repertoire was created and launched in 2022 to enhance the appreciation of music from the Singaporean culture. Through the experiences with Singaporean folk songs, national and community songs, students can identify, sing, and talk about the role of these songs, thus developing a deeper appreciation of the cultural music and instruments in the local context.

Each SLS lesson includes a music video with lyrics to ease the learning of the songs, facts, and trivia about the songs, as well as informative links to enhance and extend the learning.

Morning Melodies

Morning Melodies is part of the school’s arts appreciation initiative, Arts Alive!. The pre-assembly programme aims to enhance music appreciation at a whole-school level through the introduction and exposure of our students to extra-curricular musical knowledge. It raises awareness to the nuances of music listening which includes festival music, popular and Classical music, as well as musical groups, composers and songwriters. It serves to highlight the values, in line with our CCE framework.

By learning about musical facts, students develop and extend their appreciation of music to greater depth. This encourages them to listen and think beyond the mere consumption of music.

Music Resource Website

The Music Website provides a platform for the students to discover more about music in their own capacity. The website aims to provide curated content that comprises celebratory (such as National Day and Children’s Day) or commemorative (for Total Defence Day) music, Music Appreciation of various cultures, curated musical content from the internet, as well as resources that support the curriculum.

The website serves to pique the interest of students to venture beyond the curriculum, and to explore online musical resources safely. Resources from other initiatives such as “Love Tunes” and “Morning Melodies” are updated and posted to allow students to revisit their learning.

Talent Development Programme

Since 2019, the Music Makers has been established as part of the Lifelong Learning Programme (Creative Arts). The enrichment programme builds on skills and concepts the students encounter in the MOE music curriculum. Besides ensemble singing and instrumental skills, students also participated in various performance opportunities within and beyond the school.

The experiences aim to build confident performers and to equip them with skills in preparation for musical Co-Curricular Activity (CCA) in Primary 3. Through this year-long programme, our Music Makers develop greater curiosity and take greater ownership in their own learning.